When your main water supply valve needs to be replaced it can be a simple job, or very complicated. A water supply valve for your typical home water service supply line is 1″ to 1 1/2″, and relatively simple to replace. However if you own a commercial building, a main line valve can range in size all the way to 8″ in diameter. Large commercial water supply valves can weigh hundreds of pounds, and be located in hard to reach areas. What follows is a Balkan job site report from St. Johns University. It clearly shows why a skilled water main contractor, such as Balkan, is needed for most main control valve replacement work.
Some reasons water supply valve installations get tricky
When you require the repair or replacement of a water supply valve of any size, problems can arise. Even a valve as small as a valve for a toilet can cause flooding and water damage. But complications and potential issues get even more multiplied when dealing with much larger valves. That proved the case when Balkan was hired to replace 8″ water supply valves for St. Johns University. What follows are some of the details that Balkan encountering, and successfully dealt with, during this particular installation.
Oops, contractor forgets to install water connection on City Main
An extremely unusually occurrence Balkan dealt with on this job site in Flushing, was that the city water main had recently been replaced. While in itself not unusual, what was most unusual was that the city contractor forgot to install the water supply wet connection valve for the service line for St. Johns back on to the city water main. Once excavated, exposed, and brought to their attention, the contractor did return, and install the wet connection onto the city water main. But, for sure, finding no connection for an 8″ water service line was quite unexpected.
Different water valves have different purposes. A wet connection is the connection valve used for service lines larger than 2″. Smaller connection valves are known as tap connections, or “wet taps”.
What is a water supply valve? Technically speaking, a water supply valve is a plumbing fitting that regulates, directs, or controls the flow of water through an opening to another area of a plumbing system. By closing, or partially closing the valve, you control or stop the flow of water.
Interestingly, the word valve is derived from the Latin valva. Which in Latin refers to the moving part of a door. A water supply valve can be as simple as the valve controlling water to your toilet, or as complex as those used public water supply and water treatment plants. Some water supply valves are controlled electronically, and in more and more cases, remotely. It is increasingly more common to be able to close a valve through the internet. Electronic or event sensing valves can come in handy. As an example, if you are away from your home and a leak arises.
Working in a Meter Pit
Working inside a commercial meter pit is unlike working inside most residential access pits. While most homeowners have access pits for their sewer and water lines that are 3′ or 4′ deep, the one at St. Johns University was over 8′ deep. Working to replace a water supply valve in a confined pit over 8′ deep requires great skill, and safety precautions. A rushed or sloppy job can not only result in a hard to fix leak, but in a serious injury as well.
What is a plumbing Hot Box?
In NYC, and other municipalities, backflow prevention devices are required more frequently. A backflow prevention device installed on a water supply line prevents possible contamination form entering into the public water supply. Most older water services lines were not installed with backflow prevention devices.
In some cases, since these devices require discharge of water to function properly, offsets have to be installed on the water supply line. These offsets allow for a small section of the water line to be above ground, and allow for proper functioning the backflow prevention device. In climates such as NYC, an exposed water lie would freeze during the Winter months. That is when a Hot Box is utilized to protect an exposed water line from freezing.
Some of the cases where these Hot Boxes may be required are cemeteries, open ball fields, or buildings, that do not have the room to accommodate large backflow devices. Such a case was at this property belonging to St. Johns University, located in Flushing, Queens.
Why call a water supply valve expert?
It takes years of experience, training, and learning to become expert in water valve repair, maintenance, and installation. It should be obvious that when your drinking water is involved, none but expert and licensed individuals should be trusted to perform the work. But, unfortunately that is lesson not learned by many DIY people (do-it-your-selfers). In almost all cases, none but a licensed plumber should be trusted with the task of working on a main water valve. In NYC, there is none more skilled and experienced than the team at Balkan Sewer And Water Main Service. You can call us anytime, or any day, for a free and no obligation site visit.